injectable cosmetic procedure

Complications From Injectable Cosmetic Treatments


Before obtaining treatment, anyone considering an injectable cosmetic procedure should consult a medical professional who has experience in such procedures.

Just like other parts of our bodies, skin ages over time. Excessive occupational and recreational sun exposure generally causes the most damage to our skin. This kind of exposure can result in:

  • * Wrinkles (either fine surface lines or deep furrows)
  • * Dryness
  • * Sagging, due to the loss of underlying tissue volume
  • * Skin growths and liver spots

Smoking and hereditary factors can also contribute to the skin conditions above.

Women and men are increasingly seeking out medical and/or cosmetic treatments to attempt to correct or reduce signs of aging. Treatment options range from surgical procedures (facelift, eye lift, etc) to skin rejuvenation treatments such as laser resurfacing, microdermabrasion and chemical peel. Injectable dermal fillers and Botox® Cosmetic injections have also become increasingly popular treatments.

Anyone considering an injectable cosmetic procedure should always consult a medical professional who has experience in such procedures. Patients should be aware of all the potential risks and benefits of a procedure before obtaining treatment.

Injectable Dermal Fillers
Dermal fillers are popular and widely used. Both health professionals and consumers should be aware of reported adverse reactions listed on the product labels. These are some of the adverse reaction reports that Health Canada has received for dermal fillers:

  • * pain
  • * bruising
  • * redness
  • * swelling or edema
  • *nodules (raised bumps)
  • * abscesses (sores)
  • * infection
  • * skin discoloration or hyper-pigmentation
  • * allergic reaction
  • * improper placement of the material

Many of these adverse reactions are generally temporary, but some could last several months and may require additional treatment and/or procedures to correct. Some of the procedures used to correct an adverse reaction may lead to scars and other skin reactions. A few dermal fillers are intended to be permanently inserted at the site of injection. Since the polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) microparticles used in these dermal fillers are intended to be permanent, the treatment of potential side effects from these injections is more difficult and surgical removal may be the only solution.

Botox® Cosmetic Injections
Complications can arise if Botox® Cosmetic is injected incorrectly. Incorrect injections in the forehead or around the eyes can result in droopy eyelid muscles (ptosis); too much injected into the neck can cause muscle weakness and swallowing difficulties. Other adverse reactions may include the following signs and symptoms:

  • * pain/bruising at the injection site
  • * headache, face pain, eye swelling
  • * skin rash/allergic reaction
  • * local muscle weakness/paralysis of the face
  • * irregular heart beat/chest pain
  • * malaise (feeling generally unwell)

These adverse reactions are generally temporary, but could last several months.

A rare but serious reaction to Botox injection is the possibility of the toxin spreading to other parts of the body. This adverse reaction has mainly been associated with non-cosmetic use. These reactions may include the following signs and symptoms:

  • * muscle weakness away from the injection site
  • * pneumonia
  • * swallowing difficulties
  • * difficulty speaking
  • * difficulty breathing

If you are using Botox® Cosmetic and experience any of these signs and symptoms, seek immediate medical care.

For more information visit the Healthy Canadians website.

Photo: Oceanview Med Spa

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