Unprotected skin exposed to the sun can gradually lose essential oils, making it dry, flaky and prematurely wrinkled. Repeated episodes of sunburn, although they appear to heal on the surface, can lead to permanent skin damage over time.
Over the years, repeated sunburns and unprotected exposure to the sun can increase the risk of skin cancers including basal cell and malignant melanoma and other types of skin cancers.
- ALWAYS apply a sunscreen before you go outdoors, especially to your face, neck and hands. That means 365 days a year, rain, shine or clouds. Choose a sunscreen that has a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or more, with a broad spectrum of protection against both UV-A and UV-B rays. Broad specturm sunscreens include avobenzone, zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. There is a new ingredient, Mexoryl SX that offers strong protection against UV-A rays.
- Apply sunscreen generously. You’ll need at least an ounce per application and use plenty on your face. (Think of an amount about the size of a shot glass.) Reapply every two hours, more often if you are exercising heavily or swimming.
- Keep a supply of sunscreen in your car, gym bag, etc. so you always have it handy.
- Use a sunblock on your lip, preferably with an SPF of 20 or above.
- Wear sunglasses with UV-A and UV-B light protection.
- Wear long pants, a shirt with long sleeves and a hat with a wide brim.
- Limit your time outdoors when the sun is at its highest (about 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.)
- Certain medications such as antibiotics can increase your vulnerability to sunburn. Check with your doctor.
- If you love that bronzed look, try a sunless tanner.
What to do if you think you already have skin damage?
You may be able to improve the appearance of moderately sun damaged skin with alpha-hydroxy acids, which remove dead skin cells from the out layers of your skin, leaving it softer and smoother. Chemical peels, laser resurfacing or microdermabrasion may also be helpful.
Read more articles on Antiaging Treatments